SANA'A March 25. 2023 (Saba)- Intisaf Organization for Women and Children's Rights highlighted the most prominent violations against women and children as a result of the aggression and siege, and their repercussions, in a human rights report entitled "8 Years under the Aggression's Fire ".
In a press conference held today in Sana’a to launch the report, the organization stated that the number of women and children victims of the aggression since the beginning of the aggression until March 24, 2023 AD reached three thousand and 896 killed children and two thousand and 445 women, while the number of injured reached four thousand and 298 children and two thousand and 869 women.
The report indicated that the number of violations committed by the aggression forces in the western coast amounted to 704 violations, including 246 rape crimes, including 88 rape of children, while the crimes of kidnapping amounted to 420, including 145 kidnappings of children, while the crimes of rape in the southern provinces and Aden in particular amounted to 448 crimes.
According to the report, the number of displaced persons increased during the eight years of aggression, to five million and 159 thousand and 560 displaced persons, including 740 thousand and 122 families, half of whom are women and children.
He pointed out that one out of every three displaced families is headed by women, and the girls who support 21% of these families are under 18 years old.
The report confirmed that more than eight million women and girls need to provide life-saving services, in addition to the need of 12.6 million children for humanitarian assistance, which indicates a high poverty rate of about 80%.
During the years of aggression, the number of people with disabilities reached four million and 500 thousand disabled people, as six thousand civilians were permanently disabled as a result of armed hostilities, including five thousand and 559 children, while 16 thousand cases of women and children need physical rehabilitation.
On the educational side, the report stated that two million and 400 thousand children are out of school out of ten million and 600 thousand children of school age, while the number of children who face a dropout from education has reached nearly 6 million children.
Moreover, it pointed out that 31% of Yemeni girls are out of school as a result of the deteriorating humanitarian conditions, while more than eight million children need emergency educational aid.
The report attributed this to the process of displacement, the destruction of the education infrastructure, and the economic conditions, as the number of destroyed and damaged schools reached 3,500, and about 27% of schools across the country closed their doors, in addition to 66% of schools being damaged due to severe violence and the use of 7% of schools. As shelters for the displaced.
The report estimated that 171,600 male and female teachers have not received their salaries regularly since 2016 due to the aggression and siege.
The report notes that the economic war led to the expansion of the phenomenon of child labor, as the number of children who were forced by economic conditions to enter the labor market reached 1.4 million, and about 34.3% of them ranged between 5-17 years.
As for the health aspect, the report indicated that malnutrition rates rose during the past two years to six million people from 3.6 million, an increase of 66%, indicating that more than two million children under the age of five suffer from malnutrition and 632 thousand suffer from acute malnutrition.
More than 1.5 million pregnant and breastfeeding women suffer from malnutrition, of whom 650,495 are moderately malnourished.
While a woman and six newborns die every two hours due to complications during pregnancy and childbirth, and the number of women who may lose their lives during pregnancy or childbirth is estimated at 17 thousand women.
According to the organization's report, 50 percent of premature newborns die as a result of the lack of incubators to cover the actual needs, as the health sector needs 2,000 incubators, while only 600 are available.
The report stated that the repercussions of the aggression on the health sector led to a decline in health services, as only 51 percent of health facilities operate, and 70 percent of obstetric medicines are unavailable due to the blockade.
Over 3,000 children with heart defects need to travel abroad for treatment, and 35,000 people with cancer, including more than 1,000 children.
According to the report, the aggression caused the spread of diseases and epidemics, as the number of cases of epidemic diseases reached four million and 500 thousand in the capital and the rest of the provinces, including one million and 136 thousand and 360 cases of malaria and 14 thousand and 508 suspected cases of cholera.
At the conference, the head of the organization, Sumaya al-Taifi, stated that thousands of air strikes and the use of internationally banned cluster munitions have caused the killing and injury of thousands of civilians, most of them women and children, and almost complete paralysis of all aspects of life.
She affirmed that all the crimes and violations that women and children were subjected to were committed under international silence and complicity, in contravention of international laws, legislation and treaties.
Al-Taifi considered the United Nations a key partner in the killing of women and children, as the Secretary-General of the United Nations removed the name of the Aggression coalition in 2016 from the blacklist of violators of children's rights.
She pointed out that the United Nations has ignored the suffering of the Yemeni people who have been living under the brunt of a suffocating siege since the start of the aggression, which confirms its siding with the aggression countries .
The head of the organization called on the United Nations and its organizations and bodies concerned with women's and children's rights to work to activate laws and international agreements related to the protection of women and children in Yemen.
resource : SABA
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